Obadiah Bible Study Resources

The bible study resources on this page are intended to help you understand and apply Obadiah. Scripture instructs people to seek wisdom (Prov. 4:7), so utilizing the resources that God has provided the Church, helps bible study leaders, participants, and even preachers and teachers. Below you will find helpful and simple information on Obadiah, including a video overview from The Bible project, a list of facts and figures, and a book summary, all intended to help you get off to a strong start on studying this book.

Obadiah Bible Study Resource: Video Overview

To better understand the message of Obadiah, it is help to start with an overview. The Bible Project is a great resource to learn from and share with a bible study, small group, or congregation. “We are committed to helping the whole world see the Bible as one unified story that leads to Jesus,” is the mission of The Bible Project, which is based in Portland, Oregon, USA. Best Bible Commentaries uses these video with explicit permission. Please see more about The Bible Project below. [1]

Obadiah Facts and Figures

Obadiah at a Glance: This book records Obadiah’s prediction of the nation Edom due to their treachery and cruelty towards the nation Israel. Both peoples were the descendants of Esau (Edom) and Jacob (Israel).

Bottom Line Introduction: THE NATION EDOM – SCRIPTURE’S ARROGANT HUMPTY DUMPTY WHO SAT ON A WALL. The book of Obadiah has but one theme, and that is predicting the great fall of Edom. In this case the wall was the lofty mountainous city of Petra. But fall it would, and all of the devil’s men could not put it together again. Edom’s sin was two-fold: pride and treachery. The pride was against God, and the treachery against Israel. On several occasions the nation of Edom had sided with Israel’s enemies in spite of the fact that its people were related to Israel by blood: the Edomites through Esau, and the Israelites through Jacob. Thus, the animosity which began in Rebekah’s womb (Gen. 25:22) is described and denounced by Obadiah. It would reach its high water mark centuries later when a (partial) descendant of Esau would attempt to kill a descendant of Jacob. “And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him” (Mt. 2:13). [2]

Facts about Obadiah

1. Who? Obadiah. He authored the shortest Old Testament book.

2. What? The Book of Obadiah.

3. When and where? 850 B.C., from Judah.

4. Why? To pronounce judgment upon Edom.

5. To whom? The nation Edom.

Key Events

1. His prediction concerning Edom’s total destruction

Key Individuals

1. Obadiah: Hebrew prophet who had but one message – the total destruction of the nation Edom for their sins of pride and treachery

Key Places

1. Edom: a mountainous and desert area inhabited by the descendants of Esau, known as the Edomites, condemned by Obadiah for their pride and treachery

Unique Features

1. The book of Obadiah is the shortest Old Testament book.

2. It is quoted from or alluded to only once in the New Testament.

3. Obadiah’s repeated two-fold theme, the sin of and judgment upon Edom serves as a background, explaining the prophet Malachi’s strange work: “was not Esau Jacob’s brother? Saith the Lord; yet I loved Jacob and I hated Esau . . .” (1:2, 3).

4. Divine punishment upon Edom is referred to in more Old Testament books than against any other foreign nation, with Obadiah being but one of eight doing so. The other books are Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Joel, Amos, and Malachi.

Comparison with Other Bible Books


• 1:1-9 is virtually identical to Jer. 49:7-22.


• Writing a short while later, Joel, like Obadiah, spoke of Edom’s violence against Judah (1:10; Joel 3:19).

• Both speak of pagan nations “casting lots” for God’s chosen people and city (1:11; Joel 3:3).

• Both speak of pagan nations receiving their just deserts for mistreating Israel (1:15; Joel 3:4, 7)

• Both speak of the “day of the Lord” (1:15; Joel 1:15; 2:1; 3:14).

• Both speak of people on Mount Zion escaping destruction (1:17; Joel 2:32).

Titles for and Types of Jesus

1. The Punisher of Edom

Obadiah Summary

Obadiah wrote this shortest book of the Old Testament probably soon after the armies of Babylon destroyed Jerusalem (586 b.c.). During this conquest, the people of Edom helped capture fleeing Israelites and turn them over to the Babylonians. They even took up residence in some Judean villages. This angered the Lord, for the Edomites, as descendants of Esau, were related to the Israelites (Gen. 25:21-26, 30) and therefore should have helped them. Obadiah prophesied that Edom would be repaid for mistreating God’s people. Obadiah also asserted that God is sovereign over the nations and that the house of Jacob would be restored because of God’s covenant love for his people. [3]


[1] “The Bible Project is a non-profit animation studio that produces short-form, fully animated videos to make the biblical story accessible to everyone, everywhere. We create 100% free videos, podcasts, and resources that explore the Bible’s unified story.”

[2] Creative Commons License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License | by Harold Wilmington – https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/sword/

[3] https://www.esv.org/