George Guthrie – Hebrews NIVAC Commentary – Q & A

hebrews commentary guthrieGeorge H. Guthrie is also the author of the well-reviewed Hebrews volume in the popular NIV Application Commentary series, which is a favorite among pastors and teachers. Dr. Guthrie (PhD, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary) has been Professor of New Testament at Regent College in Vancouver, British Columbia since 2017.

Dr. Guthrie has authored numerous books. Besides Hebrews in the NIVAC series, he wrote Hebrews in the Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary series; Hebrews in the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary series; Hebrews in the Tyndale New Testament Commentary series, and 2 Corinthians in Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament series.

Dr. Guthrie has also participated in Bible translation projects, such as the revision of The New Living Translation, and has served as a consultant on the Holman Christian Standard Bible, the New Century Version, and the English Standard Version.

7 Questions on Hebrews in the NIVAC Commentary Series

Recently, Dr. Guthrie graciously agreed to answer my questions about his Hebrews commentary. Readers will be able to sense his passion for the book, understand how this volume is unique among other Hebrews commentaries, and learn how Dr. Guthrie was edified in writing this book.

1. What previous research and/or personal interests led you to this project and helped prepare you to write this commentary on Hebrews?

In 1984-85, when I was taking German in preparation for Ph.D. work, I was tasked with translating an article on Hebrews’ use of the Psalms behind the “Gethsemane parallel” in Heb. 5:7. I was intrigued. Following from this interest, I ended up doing a Master’s Thesis under Grant Osborne at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School on the use of Ps. 110:1 in the structure of Hebrews. Grant and Walt Liefeld thought I was on to something and suggested I should pursue the topic of Hebrews’ structure as a Ph.D. dissertation topic, which I did at Southwestern Seminary. Toward the end of my Ph.D. work I contacted Bill Lane, who was finishing his Word Biblical Commentary, asking for input on my work. Bill opened his life and expertise to me and requested to be the external reader on my dissertation. He ended up including about 19 pages of my work in the introduction to his wonderful two-volume commentary, which gave me a hearing with E. J. Brill, the publisher of my dissertation in the monograph series, Novum Testamentum Supplements. Not long after, Scot McKnight, one of the NIVAp editors at the time, asked me to do the Hebrews volume and set up a meeting with Zondervan editor Jack Kuhatschek, who had envisioned the series. Jack and I hit it off, and I loved the particular vision for the commentary series.

2. Who is the intended audience for this commentary? Would it benefit pastors? professors? students? lay Christians in the local church?

The NIVAp series is envisioned for pastors and laypeople. I tried to write it with both in mind. One of my greatest joys has been hearing from pastors around the world who have benefited from the commentary as they preached through the book. However, I also have heard from many professors who have used the volume in the classroom to great effect.

3. What is unique about this commentary? What contribution does it make to studies of Hebrews?

The NIVAp series attempts a balanced approach between basic exegesis, the hermeneutical move from the ancient world to the present, and application. The editors stressed that these were to be fairly balanced, and I tried hard to follow that direction. I especially worked hard to give pastors a head start on application by including great quotes, stories, etc. in the application section. I think the commentary more reflects some of my contributions to Hebrews research, such as insights into the structure, the role of rabbinic techniques of handling the Old Testament, and particular interpretive points. I was able to bring the research I had already done for a number of years to bear on the commentary.

4. What section or passage of this commentary was particularly memorable to research and write? Why?

Grappling with the “apostasy” sections (e.g. 3:6,14; 6:4-8) was quite the process. What struck me was that I could find no commentary that had really summarized the arguments on 6:4-8, so I tried to do that. That passage also has been the #1 passage about which people contact me, especially those who are struggling with assurance of salvation.

5. What personally edified you in writing this commentary, increasing your affections for Christ?

As I came to the climax of the christology in Hebrews, particularly 9:11-10:18, the decisiveness of Christ’s sacrifice for our sins really impressed me and has continued to be a cornerstone of my own faith.

6. Besides your commentary, what are your top recommended books (commentaries or otherwise) on Hebrews?

Wow, there are so many, I almost don’t know where to start. [William] Lane’s commentary [in the WBC series] is still very valuable. [Harold] Attridge [in the Hermeneia series] is great on backgrounds issues. Others such as Gary Cockerill [in the NICNT series], [Craig] Koester [in the Anchor series], and [Paul] Ellingworth [in the NIGNT series] have much to offer. Lincoln Hurst on the background of Hebrews is still valuable. Over the past fifteen years especially there has been an explosion of Hebrews research, with dozens of good monographs being published.

7. What is next for you? What project are you currently working on? How can people follow your work and ministry?

Currently I am finishing a commentary on Philippians for the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary series, after which I will begin a volume on Hebrews in Zondervan’s New Testament Theology series. My wife and I are moving to Regent College in Vancouver, BC, Canada in May 2018, so we are excited about a new phase of life and ministry. People can take a look at my website, and follow me on Facebook.

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Daniel Isaiah Joseph

Daniel's seminary degree is in Exegetical Theology. He was a pastor for 10 years. As a professor, he has taught Bible and theology courses at two Christian universities. Please see his About page for details.

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