I Am My Beloved and My Beloved Is Mine: What Does Song of Solomon 2:16 Mean?


Song of Solomon 2:16 reads, “My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.” King James Version (KJV)

TranslationSong of Solomon 2:16
ESVMy beloved is mine, and I am his; he grazes among the lilies.
NASB“My beloved is mine, and I am his; He pastures his flock among the lilies.
NIVMy beloved is mine and I am his; he browses among the lilies.
NLTMy lover is mine, and I am his. He browses among the lilies.

I Am My Beloved and My Beloved Is Mine: Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary

2:14-17 The church is Christ’s dove; she returns to him, as her Noah. Christ is the Rock, in whom alone she can think herself safe, and find herself easy, as a dove in the hole of a rock, when struck at by the birds of prey.

Christ calls her to come boldly to the throne of grace, having a great High Priest there, to tell what her request is. Speak freely, fear not a slight or a repulse. The voice of prayer is sweet and acceptable to God; those who are sanctified have the best comeliness.

The first risings of sinful thoughts and desires, the beginnings of trifling pursuits which waste the time, trifling visits, small departures from truth, whatever would admit some conformity to the world; all these, and many more, are little foxes which must be removed.

This is a charge to believers to mortify their sinful appetites and passions, which are as little foxes, that destroy their graces and comforts, and crush good beginnings. Whatever we find a hinderance to us in that which is good, we must put away.

He feedeth among the lilies; this shows Christ’s gracious presence among believers. He is kind to all his people. It becomes them to believe this, when under desertion and absence, and so to ward off temptations.

The shadows of the Jewish dispensation were dispelled by the dawning of the gospel day. And a day of comfort will come after a night of desertion. Come over the mountains of Bether, the mountains that divide, looking forward to that day of light and love. Christ will come over every separating mountain to take us home to himself.

Song of Solomon 2:16 | Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. mine … his—rather, “is for me … for Him” (Ho 3:3), where, as here, there is the assurance of indissoluble union, in spite of temporary absence. So 2:17, entreating Him to return, shows that He has gone, perhaps through her want of guarding against the “little sins” (So 2:15).

The order of the clauses is reversed in So 6:3, when she is riper in faith: there she rests more on her being His; here, on His being hers; and no doubt her sense of love to Him is a pledge that she is His (Joh 14:21, 23; 1Co 8:3); this is her consolation in His withdrawal now.

I am his—by creation (Ps 100:3), by redemption (Joh 17:10; Ro 14:8; 1Co 6:19).

feedeth—as a “roe,” or gazelle (So 2:17); instinct is sure to lead him back to his feeding ground, where the lilies abound. So Jesus Christ, though now withdrawn, the bride feels sure will return to His favorite resting-place (So 7:10; Ps 132:14). So hereafter (Re 21:3). Ps 45:1, title, terms his lovely bride’s “lilies” [Hengstenberg] pure and white, though among thorns (So 2:2).

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