Hebrews 9:22 reads, “And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.” King James Version (KJV)
|ESV||Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.|
|NASB||And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.|
|NIV||In fact, the law requires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.|
|NLT||In fact, according to the law of Moses, nearly everything was purified with blood. For without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness.|
Without the Shedding of Blood: Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary
9:15-22 The solemn transactions between God and man, are sometimes called a covenant, here a testament, which is a willing deed of a person, bestowing legacies on such persons as are described, and it only takes effect upon his death.
Thus Christ died, not only to obtain the blessings of salvation for us, but to give power to the disposal of them. All, by sin, were become guilty before God, had forfeited every thing that is good; but God, willing to show the greatness of his mercy, proclaimed a covenant of grace.
Nothing could be clean to a sinner, not even his religious duties; except as his guilt was done away by the death of a sacrifice, of value sufficient for that end, and unless he continually depended upon it.
May we ascribe all real good works to the same all-procuring cause, and offer our spiritual sacrifices as sprinkled with Christ’s blood, and so purified from their defilement.
Hebrews 9:22 | Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
almost—to be joined with “all things,” namely almost all things under the old dispensation. The exceptions to all things being purified by blood are, Ex 19:10; Le 15:5, &c.; 16:26, 28; 22:6; Nu 31:22-24.
without—Greek, “apart from.”
shedding of blood—shed in the slaughter of the victim, and poured out at the altar subsequently. The pouring out of the blood on the altar is the main part of the sacrifice (Le 17:11), and it could not have place apart from the previous shedding of the blood in the slaying. Paul has, perhaps, in mind here, Lu 22:20, “This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.”
is—Greek, “takes place”: comes to pass.
remission—of sins: a favorite expression of Luke, Paul’s companion. Properly used of remitting a debt (Mt 6:12; 18:27, 32); our sins are debts. On the truth here, compare Le 5:11-13, an exception because of poverty, confirming the general rule.