Bible commentaries on the Old Testament book of Job are listed below. The commentaries listed first are those that have received the best reviews. You will also find options for commentaries on Job that help pastors, teachers, and readers with application of the Bible, commentaries that approach the Scripture verse-by-verse, classic Christian commentaries, and much more. (See more about the scholars, pastors, ministries, and schools whose commentary reviews are being utilized.)
Best Reviewed Bible Commentaries on Job
Job (Tyndale Old Testament Commentary) by Francis I. Andersen
Reviews and Accolades:
Desiring God: #1 recommended commentary on Job
Tremper Longman: “one of the best conservative commentaries on Job”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Excellent treatment by a renowned evangelical linguist.”
Keith Mathison: #3 ranked commentary on Job, “Virtually any reader should be able to pick up this volume and work their way through it with little difficulty. A very helpful introductory commentary.”
Purpose: From the publisher: This series is “designed to help readers understand what the Bible actually says and what it means…[each commentary] examines the text section by section, drawing out its main themes. It also comments on individual verses and deals with problems of interpretation. The aim throughout is to get at the true meaning of the Bible and to make its message plain to readers today.”
The Book of Job (New International Commentary on the Old Testament) by John E. Hartley
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 5 out of 5 stars, “a major contribution to the study of the book…solidly evangelical in its approach and very well researched”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Conversant with scholarship, evangelical (though not always in the traditional sense), thought-provoking, thorough, and arguably the best.”
Keith Mathison: #2 ranked commentary on Job, “Readers will find much insight into the meaning of Job here. Highly recommended.”
Purpose: From the publisher: “All of the NICOT volumes combine superior scholarship, an evangelical view of Scripture as the Word of God, and concern for the life of faith today. Each volume features an extensive introduction treating the biblical book’s authorship, date, purpose, structure, and theology. The author’s own translation of the original Hebrew and verse-by-verse commentary follow. The commentary itself carefully balances coverage of technical matters with exposition of the biblical text’s theology and implications.” See more about the New International Commentary on the Old Testament series.
The Message of Job (The Bible Speaks Today) by David Atkinson
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: “provides a practical approach”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Pastoral approach to suffering based on the experience of Job.”
Keith Mathison: #5 ranked commentary on Job, “There is much of practical value here.”
Purpose: From the publisher: The “the three distinctives of The Bible Speaks Today series are (1) “BST authors are committed to a serious study of the text in its own integrity,” (2) that “expositors should not be antiquarians, living only in the remote past” but suggest application for living, and (3) “each book is intended to be both readable in style and manageable in size.” See more about the Bible Speaks Today commentary series.
Job 1-20, 21-37, 38-42 (Word Biblical Commentary) by David J.A. Clines
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 4.5 out of 5 stars, “stimulating and insightful…it is provocatively written”
Keith Mathison: #1 ranked commentary on Job, “this is the best commentary available on the book…Clines is one of those commentators who realizes the necessity of dealing not only with the minutiae of the text, but with the big picture as well”
Purpose: From the publisher: “WBC series delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. It emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology.” See more about the Word Biblical Commentary series.
Job (New American Commentary) by Robert L. Alden
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: “readable and insightful theological interpretation”
Purpose: From the publisher: “The New American Commentary is introduced to bridge the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This new series has been designed primarily to enable pastors, teachers, and students to read the Bible with clarity and proclaim it with power.” See more about the New American Commentary series.
Job (Cornerstone Biblical Commentary) by August H. Konkel
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 4 out of 5 stars, “has excellent technical notes dealing with the meaning of words”
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Cornerstone Biblical Commentary series provides students, pastors, and laypeople with up-to-date, accessible evangelical scholarship on the Old and New Testaments. Presenting the message of each passage, as well as an overview of other issues relevant to the text, each volume equips pastors and Christian leaders with exegetical and theological knowledge so they can better understand and apply God’s Word.”
Job (The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Revised Edition) by Elmer Smick
Reviews and Accolades:
Keith Mathison: #4 ranked commentary on Job, “[Smick] was a godly man, and his devotion to Jesus Christ is evident on the pages of his commentary on Job.”
Purpose: From the publisher: “Written primarily by expositors for expositors…its stance is that of a scholarly evangelicalism committed to the divine inspiration, complete trustworthiness, and full authority of the Bible…the chief principle followed in this commentary is the grammatico-historical – namely, that the primary aim of the exegete is to make clear the meaning of the text at the time and in the circumstances of its writing.” See more about the Expositor’s Bible Commentary series.
More Bible Commentaries with Application Help for Pastors
Job (New International Version Application Commentary) by John H. Walton
Purpose: From the General Editor: The primary goal of the NIV Application Commentary Series is to help you with the difficult but vital task of bringing an ancient message into a modern context. The series not only focuses on application as a finished product but also helps you think through the process of moving from the original meaning of a passage to its contemporary significance. These are commentaries, not popular expositions. They are works of reference, not devotional literature.” See more about the NIV Application Commentary series.
Job (Preaching the Word) by Christopher Ash
Purpose: From the publisher: “For years, Crossway’s Preaching the Word commentary series has helped pastors, preachers, and anyone who teaches God’s Word to better interpret and apply the message of the Bible. Under the careful editorial oversight of experienced pastor and best-selling author R. Kent Hughes, this series is known for its commitment to biblical authority, its pastoral tone and focus, and its overall accessibility.” See more about the Preaching the Word commentary series.
Job (Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching) by J. Gerald Janzen
Purpose: From the publisher: “This series of commentaries offers an interpretation of the books of the Bible. It is designed to meet the need of students, teachers, ministers, and priests for a contemporary expository commentary. These volumes will not replace the historical critical commentary or homiletical aids to preaching. The purpose of this series is rather to provide a third kind of resource, a commentary which presents the integrated result of historical and theological work with the biblical text.” See more about the Interpretation Bible commentary series.
Job (Teach the Text Commentary Series) by Daniel J. Estes
Purpose: From the publisher: The Teach the Text series utilizes “the best of biblical scholarship” and provides “the information a pastor needs to communicate the text effectively. By keeping the discussion of each carefully selected preaching unit to six pages of focused commentary, the volumes in this series allow pastors to quickly grasp the big idea and key themes of each passage of Scripture. The text and its meaning are made clear, and sections dedicated to effectively teaching and illustrating the text help pastors prepare to preach.”
Job (For Everyone) by John Goldingay
Purpose: From the publisher: “John Goldingay, an internationally respected Old Testament scholar, authors this ambitious Old Testament for Everyone series. Covering Scripture from Genesis to Malachi, Goldingay addresses the texts in such a way that even the most challenging passages are explained simply. Perfect for daily devotions, Sunday school preparation, or brief visits with the Bible, the Old Testament for Everyone series is an excellent resource for the modern reader.”
More Verse-by-Verse Commentaries
The Book of Job (The Old Testament Library) by Norman C. Habel
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Old Testament Library provides fresh and authoritative treatments of important aspects of Old Testament study through commentaries and general surveys. The contributors are scholars of international standing.” See more about the Old Testament Library commentary series.
Job (Smyth and Helwys Bible Commentary) by Samuel E Balentine
Purpose: From the publisher: “Written by accomplished scholars with all students of Scripture in mind, this innovative new commentary series is designed to make quality Bible study more accessible. Pastors, professors and students of Scripture are discovering that this commentary is a wonderful new tool for enhancing interpretation. All volumes include these features to support interpretation: insightful sidebars in four categories, a wealth of fine art visuals, and a CD-ROM containing all the text and images of the volume in a searchable format.”
Job (Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary) by Lindsay Wilson
Purpose: From the publisher: “Two features distinguish The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary series: theological exegesis and theological reflection…The result is a paragraph-by-paragraph engagement with the text that is deliberately theological in focus.” See more about the Two Horizons Bible commentary series.
Job (Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms) by Tremper Longman III
Purpose: From the publisher: “Veteran Old Testament scholar Tremper Longman offers an accessible commentary on one of Scripture’s most intriguing books. With his deft exegetical and expositional skill, the resulting work is full of fresh insight into the meaning of the text. In addition to the helpful translation and commentary, this volume considers theological implications of the wisdom texts found in the book of Job as well as their literary, historical, and grammatical dimensions. Footnotes deal with many of the technical matters, allowing readers of varying interest and training levels to read and profit from the commentary and to engage the biblical text at an appropriate level. This built-in versatility has application for both pastors and teachers.” See more about the Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms series.
Job (Focus on the Bible) by Richard P. Belcher, Jr.
Purpose: From the publisher: “These commentaries are popular level commentaries especially useful for pastors and small group leaders. They are useful for personal devotions and spiritual growth. Many of the authors of the commentaries are leading expositors of God’s Word on their speciality subjects. The series holds to the inerrancy of scripture and the uniqueness of Christ in salvation.” See more about the Focus on the Bible commentary series.
Job (Holman Old Testament Commentary) by Steven J. Lawson
Purpose: From the publisher: “No other reference series gets to the heart of the Old Testament as efficiently as the Holman Old Testament Commentary. When a reader’s time allows, the series offers a detailed interpretation based on the popular New International Version text. When time is short, it delivers an essential understanding of the Old Testament with unsurpassed clarity and convenience.”
Job (Understanding the Bible Commentary Series) by Gerald H. Wilson
Purpose: From the publisher: “Each volume in the Understanding the Bible Commentary Series breaks down the barriers between the ancient and modern worlds so that the power and meaning of the biblical texts become transparent to contemporary readers. They present a careful section-by-section exposition of the biblical books with key terms and phrases highlighted and all Hebrew transliterated. Notes at the close of each chapter provide additional textual and technical comments for those who want to dig deeper.” See more about the Understanding the Bible Commentary series.
Job (Belief: A Theological Commentary on the Bible) by Steven Chase
Purpose: From the publisher: “Building on a wide range of sources from biblical studies, the history of theology, the church’s liturgical and musical traditions, contemporary culture, and the Christian tradition, noted scholars focus less on traditional historical and literary angles in favor of a theologically focused commentary that considers the contemporary relevance of the texts. This series is an invaluable resource for those who want to probe beyond the backgrounds and words of biblical texts to their deep theological and ethical meanings for the church today.”
Job (New Collegeville Bible Commentary) Kathleen M. O’Connor
Purpose: From the publisher: “Comprehensive and understandable, the New Collegeville Bible Commentary brings expert insight into the Old and New Testament to Bible study participants, teachers, students, preachers, and all readers of the Bible. Filled with fresh scholarship, the series provides vital background that helps bring the text alive.”
Technical and Critical Commentaries
Job (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries) by Marvin H. Pope
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Anchor Yale Bible Series, previously the Anchor Bible Series, is a renowned publishing program that for more than 50 years has produced books devoted to the latest scholarship on the Bible and biblical topics.” The series “vigorously pursues the goal of bringing to a wide audience the most important new ideas, the latest research findings, and the clearest possible analysis of the Bible.” See more about the Anchor Bible Commentary series.
Classic Christian Commentaries for Bible Study
Job (Thru the Bible Commentary Series) by J. Vernon McGee
Purpose: From the publisher: “Radio messages from J. Vernon McGee delighted and enthralled listeners for years with simple, straightforward language and clear understanding of the Scripture. Now enjoy his personable, yet scholarly, style in a 60-volume set of commentaries that takes you from Genesis to Revelation with new understanding and insight.”