Bible commentaries on the Old Testament book of Job are listed below. The commentaries listed first are those that have received the best reviews. You will also find options for commentaries on Job that help pastors, teachers, and readers with application of the Bible, commentaries that approach the Scripture verse-by-verse, classic Christian commentaries, and much more. (See more about the scholars, pastors, ministries, and schools whose commentary reviews are being utilized.)
Best Reviewed Bible Commentaries on Job
Job (Tyndale Old Testament Commentary) by Francis I. Andersen
Reviews and Accolades:
Desiring God: #1 recommended commentary on Job
Tremper Longman: “one of the best conservative commentaries on Job”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Excellent treatment by a renowned evangelical linguist.”
Keith Mathison: #3 ranked commentary on Job, “Virtually any reader should be able to pick up this volume and work their way through it with little difficulty. A very helpful introductory commentary.”
Purpose: From the publisher: This series is “designed to help readers understand what the Bible actually says and what it means…[each commentary] examines the text section by section, drawing out its main themes. It also comments on individual verses and deals with problems of interpretation. The aim throughout is to get at the true meaning of the Bible and to make its message plain to readers today.”
The Book of Job (New International Commentary on the Old Testament) by John E. Hartley
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 5 out of 5 stars, “a major contribution to the study of the book…solidly evangelical in its approach and very well researched”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Conversant with scholarship, evangelical (though not always in the traditional sense), thought-provoking, thorough, and arguably the best.”
Keith Mathison: #2 ranked commentary on Job, “Readers will find much insight into the meaning of Job here. Highly recommended.”
Purpose: From the publisher: “All of the NICOT volumes combine superior scholarship, an evangelical view of Scripture as the Word of God, and concern for the life of faith today. Each volume features an extensive introduction treating the biblical book’s authorship, date, purpose, structure, and theology. The author’s own translation of the original Hebrew and verse-by-verse commentary follow. The commentary itself carefully balances coverage of technical matters with exposition of the biblical text’s theology and implications.” See more about the New International Commentary on the Old Testament series.
The Message of Job (The Bible Speaks Today) by David Atkinson
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: “provides a practical approach”
John H. Walton and Andrew E. Hill: “Pastoral approach to suffering based on the experience of Job.”
Keith Mathison: #5 ranked commentary on Job, “There is much of practical value here.”
Purpose: From the publisher: The “the three distinctives of The Bible Speaks Today series are (1) “BST authors are committed to a serious study of the text in its own integrity,” (2) that “expositors should not be antiquarians, living only in the remote past” but suggest application for living, and (3) “each book is intended to be both readable in style and manageable in size.” See more about the Bible Speaks Today commentary series.
Job 1-20, 21-37, 38-42 (Word Biblical Commentary) by David J.A. Clines
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 4.5 out of 5 stars, “stimulating and insightful…it is provocatively written”
Keith Mathison: #1 ranked commentary on Job, “this is the best commentary available on the book…Clines is one of those commentators who realizes the necessity of dealing not only with the minutiae of the text, but with the big picture as well”
Purpose: From the publisher: “WBC series delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. It emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology.” See more about the Word Biblical Commentary series.
Job (New American Commentary) by Robert L. Alden
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: “readable and insightful theological interpretation”
Purpose: From the publisher: “The New American Commentary is introduced to bridge the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This new series has been designed primarily to enable pastors, teachers, and students to read the Bible with clarity and proclaim it with power.” See more about the New American Commentary series.
Job (Cornerstone Biblical Commentary) by August H. Konkel
Reviews and Accolades:
Tremper Longman: 4 out of 5 stars, “has excellent technical notes dealing with the meaning of words”
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Cornerstone Biblical Commentary series provides students, pastors, and laypeople with up-to-date, accessible evangelical scholarship on the Old and New Testaments. Presenting the message of each passage, as well as an overview of other issues relevant to the text, each volume equips pastors and Christian leaders with exegetical and theological knowledge so they can better understand and apply God’s Word.”
Job (Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Revised Edition) by Elmer Smick
Reviews and Accolades:
Keith Mathison: #4 ranked commentary on Job, “[Smick] was a godly man, and his devotion to Jesus Christ is evident on the pages of his commentary on Job.”
Purpose: From the publisher: “Written primarily by expositors for expositors…its stance is that of a scholarly evangelicalism committed to the divine inspiration, complete trustworthiness, and full authority of the Bible…the chief principle followed in this commentary is the grammatico-historical – namely, that the primary aim of the exegete is to make clear the meaning of the text at the time and in the circumstances of its writing.” See more about the Expositor’s Bible Commentary series.
More Expository Commentaries
Job (Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms) by Tremper Longman III
Purpose: From the publisher: “Veteran Old Testament scholar Tremper Longman offers an accessible commentary on one of Scripture’s most intriguing books. With his deft exegetical and expositional skill, the resulting work is full of fresh insight into the meaning of the text. In addition to the helpful translation and commentary, this volume considers theological implications of the wisdom texts found in the book of Job as well as their literary, historical, and grammatical dimensions. Footnotes deal with many of the technical matters, allowing readers of varying interest and training levels to read and profit from the commentary and to engage the biblical text at an appropriate level. This built-in versatility has application for both pastors and teachers.” See more about the Baker Commentary on the Old Testament Wisdom and Psalms series.
Job (Understanding the Bible Commentary Series) by Gerald H. Wilson
Purpose: From the publisher: “Each volume in the Understanding the Bible Commentary Series breaks down the barriers between the ancient and modern worlds so that the power and meaning of the biblical texts become transparent to contemporary readers. They present a careful section-by-section exposition of the biblical books with key terms and phrases highlighted and all Hebrew transliterated. Notes at the close of each chapter provide additional textual and technical comments for those who want to dig deeper.” See more about the Understanding the Bible Commentary series.
Job (Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary) by Lindsay Wilson
Purpose: From the publisher: “Two features distinguish The Two Horizons Old Testament Commentary series: theological exegesis and theological reflection…The result is a paragraph-by-paragraph engagement with the text that is deliberately theological in focus.” See more about the Two Horizons Bible commentary series.
Job (New International Version Application Commentary) by John H. Walton
Purpose: From the General Editor: The primary goal of the NIV Application Commentary Series is to help you with the difficult but vital task of bringing an ancient message into a modern context. The series not only focuses on application as a finished product but also helps you think through the process of moving from the original meaning of a passage to its contemporary significance. These are commentaries, not popular expositions. They are works of reference, not devotional literature.” See more about the NIV Application Commentary series.
Job (Belief: A Theological Commentary on the Bible) by Steven Chase
Purpose: From the publisher: “Building on a wide range of sources from biblical studies, the history of theology, the church’s liturgical and musical traditions, contemporary culture, and the Christian tradition, noted scholars focus less on traditional historical and literary angles in favor of a theologically focused commentary that considers the contemporary relevance of the texts. This series is an invaluable resource for those who want to probe beyond the backgrounds and words of biblical texts to their deep theological and ethical meanings for the church today.”
Job (Smyth and Helwys Bible Commentary) by Samuel E Balentine
Purpose: From the publisher: “Written by accomplished scholars with all students of Scripture in mind, this innovative new commentary series is designed to make quality Bible study more accessible. Pastors, professors and students of Scripture are discovering that this commentary is a wonderful new tool for enhancing interpretation. All volumes include these features to support interpretation: insightful sidebars in four categories, a wealth of fine art visuals, and a CD-ROM containing all the text and images of the volume in a searchable format.”
Job (New Beacon Bible Commentary) by A. Wendell Bowles
Purpose: From the publisher: “The New Beacon Bible Commentary provides 21st-century scholars, pastors, theological students, and laity an academically competent, readable commentary in the Wesleyan theological tradition. Each volume features: Contemporary Scholarship from notable experts in the Wesleyan theological tradition. Convenient introductory material for each book of the Bible, which includes information on authorship, date, history, audience, sociological/cultural issues, purpose, literary features, theological themes, hermeneutical issues, and more.”
Job (Evangelical Press Study Commentary) by Hywel R. Jones
Purpose: From the publisher: “EP Study Commentaries are invaluable tools for the minister, theologian and serious students of the Scriptures. This series is both readable and user- friendly.”
Job (College Press) by Stephen M. Hooks
Purpose: From the publisher: “College Press NIV Commentary Series is formatted with a verse-by-verse explanation of the text. It was developed for both the scholar and the average Bible student. The College Press NIV Commentary Series is the only full commentary set in print from the Restoration Movement.”
Reading Job (Reading the Old Testament) by James Crenshaw
Purpose: “From the publisher: “Edited by Mark E. Biddle, Russell T. Cherry Professor of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament at Baptist Theological Seminary at Richmond, the Reading the Old Testament commentary series presents cutting-edge biblical research in accessible language.”
Job (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries) by Marvin H. Pope
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Anchor Yale Bible Series, previously the Anchor Bible Series, is a renowned publishing program that for more than 50 years has produced books devoted to the latest scholarship on the Bible and biblical topics.” The series “vigorously pursues the goal of bringing to a wide audience the most important new ideas, the latest research findings, and the clearest possible analysis of the Bible.” See more about the Anchor Bible Commentary series.
The Book of Job (The Old Testament Library) by Norman C. Habel
Purpose: From the publisher: “The Old Testament Library provides fresh and authoritative treatments of important aspects of Old Testament study through commentaries and general surveys. The contributors are scholars of international standing.” See more about the Old Testament Library commentary series.
Classic Christian Commentaries
Job (Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture) by Marco Conti
Purpose: From the publisher: “The ACCS is a post-critical revival of the early commentary tradition known as the glossa ordinaria, a text artfully elaborated with ancient and authoritative reflections and insights. The vast array of writings from the church fathers—including much that is available only in the ancient languages—have been combed for their comment on Scripture. From these results, scholars with a deep knowledge of the fathers and a heart for the church have hand selected material for each volume, shaping, annotating, and introducing it to today’s readers. Each portion of commentary has been chosen for its salient insight, its rhetorical power, and its faithful representation of the consensual exegesis of the early church.”
- Best Old Testament Commentaries – index
- Job Commentaries for Pastors – focus on application